Brooklyn College Writing Across the Curriculum

WAC Bibliography

This limited bibliography is intended as an introduction to WAC ideas and practices. Many significant contributions to the field have come from CUNY professors, including the late Mina Shaughnessy and Brooklyn College’s own Kenneth Bruffee, Myra Kogen, and Geraldine DeLuca. Entries with call numbers are available in the Brooklyn College library. We have adopted John Bean’s book as our go-to resource but it is far from the only resource for teaching ideas, and the field of composition pedagogy in particular has a produced a lot of literature. A comprehensive and useful but rather overwhelming bibliography is assembled online by Rebecca Moore Howard here. You also might want to explore the WAC Clearinghouse and CCCC websites.


Anson, Chris M. The WAC Casebook: Scenes for Faculty Reflection and Program Development. NY: Oxford UP, 2002. (Presents realistic scenarios of the sort that professors typically tackle in WAC courses.)

Anson, Chris M., John E. Schwiebert, and Michael M. Williamson. Writing Across the Curriculum: An Annotated Bibliography. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1993.

Bartholomae, David. Writing on the Margins: Essays on Composition and Teaching. Boston: Bedford St. Martin’s, 2005. (Includes “Inventing the University,” which observes that students have little trouble writing for their peers, but have difficulty when they imagine a more knowledgeable audience.)

Bazerman, Charles, and David R. Russell, eds. Landmark Essays on Writing Across the Curriculum. Davis, CA: Hermagoras, 1994. (A collection of important WAC essays including Janet Emig’s “Writing as a Mode of Learning” and Toby Fulwiler’s “How Well Does WAC Work?”)

Bean, John. Engaging Ideas: The Professor’s Guide to Integrating Writing, Critical Thinking, and Active Learning in the Classroom. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1996. (Perhaps the most practical guide for using WAC techniques in the classroom.) PE1404 .B35

Duke, Charles R., and Rebecca Sanchez, eds. Assessing Writing Across the Curriculum. Durham: Carolina Academic Press, 2001.

Elbow, Peter. Embracing Contraries: Explorations in Learning and Teaching. NY: Oxford UP, 1986. (Explores the relationship between thinking and learning, symbolic learning, and strategies for evaluating both students and teachers.) LB2331 .E48

Elbow, Peter. Everyone Can Write: Essays Toward a Hopeful Theory of Writing and Teaching Writing. NY: Oxford UP, 2000. (Emphasizes the need to help students find their own voices and offers practical techniques for generating and evaluating writing. Includes “Freewriting and the Problem of Wheat and Tares” and “High Stakes and Low Stakes in Assigning and Responding to Writing.”) E-book.

Elbow, Peter. Writing Without Teachers. NY: Oxford UP, 1973. PE1409.5 .E5

Freire, Paulo. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. NY: Continuum, 1970. (This classic manifesto links social change and education and introduces “critical pedagogy.”) LB880 .F7313

Fulwiler, Toby and Art Young, eds. Writing Across the Disciplines: Research into Practice. NH: Boynton/Cook, 1986. (Provides guidelines for developing and assessing WAC assignments, Includes “The Argument for Writing Across the Curriculum.”)

Fulwiler, Toby and Art Young, eds. Programs That Work: Models and Methods for Writing Across the Curriculum. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1990. (Describes successful WAC programs at 14 colleges and universities. Many of the participating faculty represent disciplines other than English.)

Gregory, Marshall. “Curriculum, Pedagogy, and Teacherly Ethos.” Pedagogy 1.1 (2001): 69-89. (Calls for an “ethotic” method of teaching where the teacher conveys a real sense of personhood, a love of the subject matter, and a desire to help students integrate knowledge into their lives.) E-resource.

Hays, Janice, et al., eds. The Writer’s Mind: Writing as a Mode of Thinking. IL: NCTE, 1983. (Includes Kenneth Bruffee’s “Writing and Reading as Social or Collaborative Acts.”) PE1404 .W68

Lester, Nancy, et al, eds. “Writing Across the Curriculum: A College Snapshot.” Urban Education 38 (2003): 5-34. E-resource.

Light, Richard J. Making the Most of College: Students Speak Their Minds. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2001. LD2160 .L54

Mayher, John S. Uncommon Sense: Theoretical Practice in Language Education. NH: Boynton/Cook, 1990. (The author reflects on contradictions between “common sense” teaching and learning and students’ actual experiences.)

McLeod, Susan, et al., eds. WAC for the New Millennium: Strategies for Continuing Writing-Across-the-Curriculum Programs. IL: NCTE, 2001. (An overview of WAC theory covering a wide range of issues including e-communications and the politics of literacy.)

McLeod, Susan and Margot Soven, eds. Composing a Community: A History of Writing Across the Curriculum. West Lafayette, IN: Parlor Press, 2006. PE1404 .C61757

Parks, Steve and Eli Goldblatt. “Writing Beyond the Curriculum: Fostering New Collaborations in Literacy.” College English 62.5 (2000): 584-606. Periodicals.

Peritz, Janice H. “When Learning Is not Enough: Writing Across the Curriculum and the (RE)turn to Rhetoric.” Journal of Advanced Composition 14.2 (1994): 431-54.

Perl, Sondra. “What We Learned in Looking Both Ways.” High School and College Teachers Talk about Language and Learning. Ed. George Otte. NY: CUNY, 1999. 96-101.

Rose, Mike. Lives on the Boundary: The Struggles and Achievements of America’s Educational Underclass. NY: Penguin, 1989. (Offers a democratic vision of education and methods for leading at-risk students to writing and self-expression.) LC4823 .R67

Smitherman, Geneva and Victor Villanueva, eds. Language Diversity in the Classroom: From Intention to Practice. Illinois: Southern Illinois UP, 2003. PE1405 .U6 L36

Smoke, Trudith. “Lessons from Ming: Helping Students Use Writing to Learn.” Crossing the Curriculum: Multilingual Learners in College Classrooms. Ed. Vivian Zamel and Ruth Spack. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2004.

Sternglass, Marilyn. Time to Know Them: A Longitudinal Study of Writing and Learning at the College Level. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1997. (Follows a group of City College students for six years. Invites readers to reconsider their students and their academic careers in light of nonacademic factors.) PE1404 .S824

Villanueva, Victor, Jr., ed. Crosstalk in Composition Theory: A Reader. Urbana, IL: NCTE, 1997. (A collection of classic essays in composition theory. Includes Mike Rose’s “The Language of Exclusion.”)

Walvoord, Barbara and Lucille P. McCarthy, eds. Thinking and Writing in College: A Naturalistic Study of Students in Four Disciplines. Urbana, IL: NCTE, 1990. (A study of successful and unsuccessful applications of WAC techniques.)

Specific Issues and Techniques

Belanoff, Pat, and M. Dickson, eds. Portfolios: Process and Product. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1991.

Belanoff, Pat, Peter Elbow, and Sheryl Fontaine, eds. Nothing Begins with N: New Investigations of Freewriting. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1991. PE1404 .N68

Bruffee, Kenneth A. Collaborative Learning: Higher Education, Interdependence, and the Authority of Knowledge. 2nd ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1999. (Promotes peer-centered learning, student interdependence, and a less authoritarian model of the student-professor relationship.) LB1032 .B76

Freedman, Diane, ed. Autobiographical Writing Across the Disciplines: A Reader. Durham, NC: Duke UP, 2003.

Fulwiler, Toby, ed. The Journal Book. Portsmouth, N.H.: Boynton/Cook, 1987. (A collection of essays about using journals across the disciplines.) PE1404 .J67

Hartwell, P. “Grammar, Grammars, and the Teaching of Grammar.” College English. 47.2 (1985):105-27. Periodicals.

Haswell, Richard H. “Minimal Marking.” College English 45.6 (1983): 600-604. (Describes a way to evaluate student writing that saves grading time and forces students to be more active in the process of correcting their own work.) Periodicals.

Knoblauch, C. H., ed. Rhetorical Traditions and the Teaching of Writing. New Jersey: Boynton/Cook, 1984. (Urges instructors to respond to student writing not as critics, but as sympathetic readers. Includes “Responding to Texts: Facilitating Revision in the Writing Workshop.”) PE1404 .K58

Slavin, R. E. Cooperative Learning: Theory, Research, and Practice. 2nd ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 1995. LB1032 .S543

Zak, Frances and Christopher C. Weaver, eds. The Theory and Practice of Grading Writing: Problems and Possibilities. Albany: SUNY Press, 1998. (Examines the grading of individual papers and portfolios as well as end-of-term grades. Bridges the gap between the theory and practice of grading.) PE1404 .T478

Zamel, Vivian. “Responding to Student Writing,” TESOL Quarterly 19.1 (1985): 79-101. (Suggests that teachers cast themselves in the role of facilitator and avoid comments that are too vague, too contradictory, or too focused on error.) Periodicals.

Wysocki, Anne, et al. Writing New Media: Theory and Applications for Expanding the Teaching of Composition. Salt Lake City: Utah State UP, 2004. (Practical explorations of the use of digital technology in teaching composition.)

Basic Writing and ESL

DeLuca, Geraldine, L. Fox, M. Johnson, M. Kogen, eds. Dialogue on Writing: Rethinking ESL, Basic Writing and First-Year Composition. NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2002. PE1404 .D44

Horner, Bruce and Min-Zhan Lu. Representing the “Other”: Basic Writers and the Teaching of Basic Writing. IL: NCTE, 1999.

Kutz, Eleanor, Suzy Groden, and Vivian Zamel. The Discovery of Competence: Teaching and Learning with Diverse Student Writers. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1993. (Integrates language acquisition theory with practical pedagogical concerns. Especially useful for ESL teachers.)

Shaughnessy, Mina. Errors and Expectations: A Guide for the Teacher of Basic Writing. NY: Oxford UP, 1979. (One of the foundational texts of the field of Basic Writing.) PE1404 .S5

Writing in the Disciplines

Bullock, Richard. The St. Martin’s Manual for Writing in the Disciplines: A Guide for Faculty. NY: St. Martin’s Press, 1994. PE1404 .B855x

Comley, Nancy R., ed. Fields of Writing: Readings Across the Disciplines. NY: St. Martin’s Press, 1994. PE1417 .F47

Herrington, Anne and Charles Moran, eds. Writing, Teaching, and Learning in the Disciplines. NY: MLA, 1992. LB1576 .W76

Kennedy, Mary Lynch. Writing in the Disciplines: A Reader for Writers. Upper Saddle, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1996. PE1417 .K45

Kirszner, Laurie G. and Stephen R. Mandell. The Writer’s Sourcebook: Strategies for Reading and Writing in the Disciplines. NY: Holt Rinehart Winston, 1987. PE1408 .W7717

Monroe, Jonathan. Writing and Revising the Disciplines. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 2002. PE1405.U6 W73

Russell, David R. Writing in the Academic Disciplines, 1870-1990: A Curricular History. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1991. PE1405.U6 R8

Writing in the Natural Sciences

Connolly, Paul and Teresa Vilardi, eds. Writing to Learn Mathematics & Science. NY: Teachers College Press, 1989. PE1404 .W75

Gustavii, Björn. How to Write & Illustrate a Scientific Paper. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2003. T11 .G86

Hailman, Jack Parker. Planning, Proposing, and Presenting Science Effectively: A Guide for Graduate Students and Researchers in the Behavioral Sciences and Biology. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1997. QH315 .H25

Kirkpatrick, L.D. and A. Pittendrigh. “A Writing Teacher in the Physics Classroom.” Physics Teacher. (March 1984): 159-64.

Miller, Diane L. “Begin Mathematics Class with Writing.” Mathematics Teacher 85 (June 1991): 129-36. Periodicals.

van der Steen, Wim J. Methods and Morals in the Life Sciences: A Guide for Analyzing and Writing Texts. CT: Praeger, 2001. R118.6 .S84

Writing in the Social Sciences and Humanities

Allan, Graham and Chris Skinner. Handbook for Research Students in the Social Sciences. London: Falmer Press, 1991. H62 .H24526

Becker, Howard. Tricks of the Trade: How to Think About Your Research While You’re Doing It. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1998. H91 .B38

Cohen, A.J. and J. Spencer. “Using Writing Across the Curriculum in Economics: Is Taking the Plunge Worth It?” Journal of Economic Education. 23 (1993):219-230. Microfiilm.

Giarrusso, Roseann. A Guide to Writing Sociology Papers. NY: St. Martin’s Press, 1994. HM73 .G78

Kogen, Myra. ed. Writing in the Business Professions. IL: NCTE, 1989. HF5718.3 .W75

Krathwohl, David R. How to Prepare a Research Proposal: Guidelines for Funding and Dissertations in the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse UP, 1988. HG177 .K73

Steffens, H. “Collaborative Learning in a History Seminar.” History Teacher. 22.2 (1989): 125-38. Periodicals.

Van Maanen, John. Tales of the Field: on Writing Ethnography. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1988. GN307.7 .V36

Scholarship of Teaching and Learning

Boyer, Ernest L. Scholarship Reconsidered: Priorities of the Professoriate. Princeton, NJ: Carnegie Foundation, 1990. LA227.3 .B694

Huber, Mary Taylor and Pat Hutchings. The Advancement of Learning: Building the Teaching Commons. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2005.

Shulman, Lee S. Teaching as Community Property: Essays on Higher Education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2004.


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